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OUTREACH July 2012

July Meeting (NOTE TIME and LOCATION)

           Oklahoma Space Alliance will meet on July 14 at Denny’s on the I-240 access road on the north side just east of Pennsylvania Avenue in southern Oklahoma City. Our business meeting will start at 2:30 p.m. with feature presentations beginning at 3:00 p.m. The street address is 1617 SW 74th Street and the phone number is 685-5414. Claire and I found out in November that it is easier coming from the east to get off at the previous exit (Western Avenue) and proceed down the north access road. You can also exit at Penn, but you have to enter the parking lot from the street north of Denny’s.
           We only have the meeting place until 6:00 p.m.

July 2012 - Agenda

2:30 PM

  1. Review Minutes and Agenda
  2. New Mail
  3. Treasurers Report
  4. OSIDA Meeting Announcement
  5. Old Business
    1.  Sooner Con Recap
      1. New Contacts
      2. Request any Reports or Comments (Discuss in item 9 below)
    2. Moon Day Plans [See below]
  6. New Business
    1.  Discuss Space Art Contest
    2. Schedule planning meeting
    3. Other?

 3:00 PM

  1. Feature Presentation - ISDC videos
  2. What's Happening With Space?
    1. OSU NASA Award  - Space Habitat Design Study
    2. China's Space June Space Mission with Launch Video
    3. XB37 Lands after more that 1 year in space with Landing Video
    4. Commercial Space News
      1. NASA Agreements
      2. Boeing News
      3. Space X News and Super Draco and Merlin 1D engine test videos
    5. NuStar Telescope Air Launch
    6. Military Atlas V launch video
    7. Buzz Aldrin (2nd human to step on the moon) in the news, career recap, Launches, Space Walks, and Quotes
  3. Sooner Con Comments and Discussion
  4. Adjournment

           The theme for Oklahoma Space Alliance in 2012 is “What’s Happening in Space.” People think that space exploration is dead with the end of the shuttle program. We should use our theme as an emphasis for meetings, selection of speakers and topics for agenda items.

Moon Day

           NSS-North Texas is hosted a Moon Day celebration on July 21 to commemorate the Apollo 11 moon landing, and Oklahoma Space Alliance will be making an expedition to the wilds of Dallas-Fort Worth. Plans will be made at the July 14 meeting. The following is lifted from the “North Texas Spacecraft” (the NSS North Texas Newsletter)

“Moon Day at Frontiers of Flight Museum,” by Ken Murphy

           Once again, NSS of North Texas is proud to co-sponsor Moon Day at the Frontiers of Flight Museum at Love Field. This year's event, on Saturday, July 21 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., will be the fourth year that NSS of North Texas has helped put the event together. It has become one of the chapter's highest-visibility activities.
           This year, nearly a score of exhibitors will crowd the main floor of the museum, with new exhibitors like Citizens in Space, Sci-Tech Discovery Center, TCU Monnig Meteorite Gallery and more joining the many returning organizations. There will be two inflatable planetariums this year, and both are anticipated to be full houses all day long. We've also arranged a special screening of the "Max goes to the Moon" planetarium show, never before seen in Texas!
           In our Lunar University program our chapter president and vice-president will be giving talks on their areas of expertise. Our friends at Dallas Mars Society will be capping the day with a talk on Mars Colonization 101. Interspersed are a variety of experts, primarily on Moon topics.
           In our Moon Academy we again have a number of local Solar System Ambassadors providing hands-on activities for families like rocket building and crater making. This year we are working on implementing a certification system where kids who take a minimum number of classes will receive a certificate of achievement.
           The art show will feature 150 or so space-themed LP record covers, spanning six decades of popular perceptions of space exploration. Our lunchtime movie will again be "Postcards from the Future", the independent space settlement film premiered at our 2007 ISDC. We've lined up a number of unique door prizes like SpaceX baseball caps and Great Moonbuggy Race T-shirts, and our Lunar Sample Bags are on track to be the best ever.
           The event offers the chapter our first real opportunity to do fundraising for our Science Fair Scholarship, which over three years has given out some $750 to local students. Raffle items are needed. Everyone should be selling raffle tickets during the event.
           Members should also be selling memberships in the National Space Society and NSS of North Texas. Sell! Sell! Sell!
            The NSS N. Texas Website is www.nssofnt.org.

Minutes of June Meeting

           Oklahoma Space Alliance met June 9, 2012 at the Denny’s on the I-240 access road on the north side just east of Pennsylvania Avenue in southern Oklahoma City. Attending were Steve and Karen Swift, Clifford and Claire McMurray, Dennis Wigley, Russ Davoren and Syd Henderson.
           Dennis brought photos of the transit of Venus.
           We need to add our chapter number, 661, to the brochures.
           We decided that most of the remaining copies of the Summer Ad Astra (about 40 of them) will be given out at Soonercon. 
           SoonerCon: we have two hours in the hospitality room; 1:00 - Saturday to promote “What’s Happening in Space.” There are also three panels we’ll have members on, “Science vs. Magic: Arthur C. Clarke’s 3 Laws of Prediction in the Modern Communication Age,” (John Northcutt), “Are We Alone,” (Syd Henderson) and “America's Space Program: Retreat, Collapse, or Go Beyond?” (Cliff McMurray and Steve Galpin.)
           Claire brought information on a Moon Colonization Online Certification course.
           We can do a slide show or a video on space solar power.
           Claire and Kip went to ISDC, and our first feature presentation was their report. Claire got an award for being an excellent Region 3 director and getting all the chapters in the region to get their annual reports in on time. Kip also went to the Global Space Colonization Conference.
           Stephen Hawking got the NSS Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award.
           Excalibur Almaz is using old Russian Salyut technology. Its head is also the head of the Heinlein Trust.
           There may be more money in sending people beyond Low Earth Orbit than suborbital and near-orbital tourism.
           One of the winning teams for the Space Settlement Contest was from Florida. The other winners were from Romania.
           The first Space X Dragon mission to the Space Station overlapped the convention. The media reported that James Doohan and Gordon Cooper’s ashes were aboard the Falcon 9, but also aboard were the ashes of the late Chris Pancratz, the Chairman of the Executive Committee of National Space Society.
           The Mars Society convention is in Pasadena, California in mid-August. The Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) will land on Mars just after midnight on that Monday morning.

           Our second feature presentation, by Steve Swift, was on SpaceX vehicles. Here’s some of what we found out:
           The Falcon 9 rocket first stage has nine engines. The second stage has a single Merlin engine. The Falcon  Heavy configuration has 27 engines on the first stage and has more than twice the power of the next largest rocket in the world. Falcon 9 Heavy can carry 120,000 lb. of payload into low Earth orbit, and 26,000 lb. to geostationary transfer orbit. [Other sources say 42000 lb. to GTO, 35,000 to translunar space, and 31,000 lb. to Mars.] Falcon Heavy has more lift than any rocket since the Saturn V.

What’s Happening in Space presentations:
           Space X launches Dragon Capsule to Space Station.
           ISS Crew Interview on the arrival of Dragon.
           Splashdown video.
           A Solution for Medical Needs and Cramped Quarters in Space.
           FAA grants an experimental permit to Virgin Galactic.
           Vesta’s Amazing Technicolor Surface. (False-color maps of Vesta to bring out subtle details.)

           Dennis’s Venus transit photos are at www.starsabove.net.
           The 2013 ISDC is in San Diego and the 2014 ISDC is in Los Angeles.
           Claire showed photographs from ISDC.
           We need to send out new logo to the Chapters List.
           Add to agenda a tour of the NSS website.
           Next two meetings will be in Denny’s.

Membership: Possibly post a notice on Craigslist. We can have our business meeting before the regular, and announce times for both, so people uninterested in the business meeting can come to the regular.

--Minutes by OSA Secretary Syd Henderson

Between-Meeting Activities

           Oklahoma Space Alliance hosted the con suite at the Soonercon science fiction convention for two hours on the afternoon of June 16. Steve Swift brought information on what’s happening in space, including a video of what the night side of Earth looks like as seen from space. We also provided and served refreshments. We had approximately 200 people come through at some point.
           Oklahoma Space Alliance also had people on three panels, and ran a table in the lobby for the entire weekend. The last was most successful for recruiting purposes, adding about 20 people to our e-mail list.

Notes on OSIDA Meetings

           The May and June OSIDA meetings were cancelled due to a large turnover of board memberships when their terms expired on July 1. Meetings resume on July 11, after the deadline for the print version of the newsletter.

Space News

           XCOR has announced that they will open their new Commercial Space Research and Development Center Headquarters in Midland, Texas (50 miles east of the southeastern corner of New Mexico). This will be the testing center for their Lynx spaceplane. The site should be finished around the end of 2013.
           Midland is also applying to the FAA to certify Midland International as a commercial spaceport.
           The XCOR website is www.xcor.com.
           SpaceX is also considering Texas as a launch site, but their location is on the extreme southern end of the Texas Coast just three miles from the Mexican border.

           On June 11 the European Southern Observatory Council gave preliminary for the building of the European Extremely Large Telescope. The E-ELT will have a primary mirror with a diameter of 39.3 m (1500 in. (!)). It will cost about a billion euros and take 10 – 11 years to build. It will naturally rely on extremely rapid adaptive optics. Among the goals is the direct imaging of planets orbiting other stars.
           As enormous as this will be, the ESO was originally even more ambitious. The Overwhelmingly Large Telescope (OWL—I love these names) would have had a diameter of 100 meters (3900 in.) and cost 50% more. However it was determined to be too complex to build.

           Meanwhile, the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) already exists and has detected its first planets and brown dwarfs. The first, KELT-1b is about the diameter of Jupiter but 27 times as massive, meaning it is a brown dwarf. (There’s a point around the mass of Jupiter where adding mass doesn’t make a planet/brown dwarf larger in diameter, just denser. Keep adding mass and eventually the object become so dense sustained nuclear fusion starts and you have a star.)
           KELT-2Ab is a hot Jupiter, which orbits a relatively bright, star; bright enough that we should be able to analyze its planet’s atmosphere. (By the way, notation: KELT-2Ab is the first planet (b) orbiting the brighter component (A) of the multiple star system KELT-2; KELT-2 is the second star system observed by KELT. KELT-2Aa is the same as KELT-2A.)
           KELT, like Kepler, uses the transit method to detect planets, but looks at stars about 100 times more luminous.

           Scientists led by Luciano Iess from Sapienza University in Rome, Italy have discovered indirect evidence that Saturn’s moon Titan has an ocean beneath its crust of ice. Like our Moon, Titan’s rotation is tidally locked so that one side always faces its planet. However (also like the Moon), its orbit is eccentric so its orbital speed varies while its rotation does not. This means that the Saturn-facing side of Titan doesn’t always face dead-on, which means Titan still experiences small tides as it orbits Saturn. In addition, Titan experiences a stronger tide when it’s closest to Saturn than when it’s most distant.
           As we know on Earth, liquid experiences tides more than solid, and Titan’s surface is distorted by tides much more than would be expected if Titan were solid inside. The tides of Titan are estimated to be about 30 feet. Titan most likely consists of a layer of organics above a 10- to 60-mile thick layer of ice above a subsurface ocean. This is in addition to the seas of methane on Titan’s surface.

           Meanwhile, the Cassini spacecraft has discovered lakes in the tropical regions of Titan. This is a surprise because such lakes should evaporate and the methane condense in the polar regions, where most lakes are. There also is very little rain in the region. Tentatively, the hypothesis is that the tropical lakes must be fed by an underground reservoir.

           The United Kingdom Infrared Telescope has discovered four pairs of binary stars that have orbital periods of less than four hours. One pair has a period of only 2.5 hours. This poses a problem for theories of stellar formation because it should be impossible for stars to form so close together. In fact, if the stars had formed in their current orbits, their surfaces would have been in contact, and they would have merged into one star; therefore, their orbits have shrunk which too is hard to explain. A (tentative) possibility is magnetism braking the stars, but nobody knows.

           Another mystery is that the disk surrounding the star TYC 8241 2652 1 seems to have disappeared. This disk was supposed to be a prime example of a solar system in the making, and there is no explanation of how that much dust could have disappeared so quickly.

Sky Viewing

           For two weeks in mid-August, Mars, Saturn and Spica will all be within five degrees of each other in the southwestern sky after sunset. All three will be around magnitude 1.0. On August 7 and 21, they will form an equilateral triangle, and on the latter date, the crescent Moon will be right below them.
           The Perseid meteor shower will peak on the night of August 11 – 12, which is also the Saturday night of an Oklahoma Space Alliance meeting. Since there will only be a crescent moon, viewing should be good with a couple per minute, gradually increasing from 11:00 p.m. on Saturday through dawn on Sunday.

           Mercury is currently invisible in the sunset and is moving to inferior conjunction on July 28. It will become visible just before dawn in mid-August and reach greatest elongation with respect to the Sun on August 16, at which point it will be at magnitude 0 and will be ten degrees above the horizon a half hour before sunrise. Mercury will continue to get brighter for about a week after August 16, but also rises closer to the Sun.
           Venus is a brilliant magnitude -4.7 and is shining just above the Hyades star cluster, the horns of Taurus the Bull. It’s easily the brightest object in the pre-dawn sky (assuming the Moon isn’t present.) The bright planet about five degrees above it is Jupiter, and if you look higher, you’ll see the Pleiades. The bright star below Venus is Aldebaran. Venus is nearing greatest elongation on August 15, and will be rising about 3:00 in the morning. By this time, it will have moved into the southern part of Gemini.
           Jupiter, meanwhile, is magnitude -2.1 and rising about 3:00 a.m., which will change to 2:00 by the end of the month and midnight by the end of August. It will remain in Taurus, and indeed will itself be approaching the Hyades in mid-August.
           Mars is currently shining at magnitude 0.8 in the western part of the constellation Virgo. Look for it in the west-southwest after dusk. Throughout late July and early August, Mars will be moving across Virgo toward the above-mentioned conjunction with Saturn and Spica. Mars will dim slightly as it does so to magnitude 1.1, making it slightly dimmer than Saturn and Spica, but probably not noticeably.
           Saturn is magnitude 0.7 and is in the constellation Virgo about five degrees above Spica. Both (and Mars) are easily visible for a couple of hours after sunset. Saturn’s going to remain pretty much in the same location through the end of August.
           Uranus is magnitude 5.8 (which is what it generally is) and in the northwestern part of the constellation Cetus. Cetus is not part of the Zodiac, but the ecliptic passes very near its northwestern corner and since planets orbits (except Earth’s) are slightly tilted with respect to the ecliptic, some of them can and do pass into Cetus.
           Neptune is still hanging out in the corner of Aquarius where it’s been for a couple of years, and is magnitude 7.8. Neptune will be at opposition on August 24. Finder charts for Uranus and Neptune are online at
http://media.skyandtelescope.com/documents/Uranus-Neptune-2012.pdf. There is also a map for Neptune in the August Astronomy.
[Data for this section from Astronomy, Sky & Telescope, NASA and Wikipedia.]

Viewing Opportunities for Satellites (July 12 – August 12, 2012)

           You can get sighting information at www.heavens-above.com/. Heavens Above allows you to get satellite-viewing data for 10-day periods, and gives you a constellation map showing the trajectory of the satellite. If you go to the bottom of the map page, it will give you a really detailed map with the location at 10 or 15-second intervals, depending on detail.
           Sky Online (the Sky & Telescope web site) carries International Space Station observation times for the next few nights at skyandtelescope.com/observing/almanac. With the addition of the solar panels, the International Space Station can be as bright as magnitude -3.5, making it brighter than all the stars other than the Sun and all the planets other than Venus, although magnitude -2 to -3 is more likely. The Hubble Space Telescope can get up to magnitude 1.5, which is brighter than the stars in the Big Dipper, although, since it is lower in the sky, it is more difficult to see.  China’s Tiangong 1 space station can get up to magnitude -0.6, which is brighter than all the night stars except Sirius and Canopus.
           Missions to and from the Space Station may change its orbit. On July 14, the Expedition 33 crew will be launched to the Space Station.  The HIIB Transfer module will be launched on July 20. A progress module will be launched on July 31. Be sure to check Heavens Above or www.jsc.nasa.gov/sightings before going out to watch. 
           China recently sent a three-person crew to Tiangong1 and brought it back; no more missions are imminent. No more missions to the Hubble Space Telescope are planned.
Tiangong 1  July 16, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
5:48 a.m.      303°           18°
5:49              310            36
5:50                16            72
5:51              100            38
5:52              108            19

Tiangong 1  July 18, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
5:08 a.m.      295°           18°
5:09              293            36
5:10              238            82
5:11              124            40
5:12              121            19

Station  July 19, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
5:31 a.m.      242°           20°
5:32              253            38
5:33              318            64
5:34                25            39
5:35                37            21

Tiangong 1  July 22, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
9:49 p.m.      256°           17°
9:50              166            34
9:51              328            63
9:52                43            37
9:53                54            19

Tiangong 1  August 3, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
8:54 p.m.      307°           18°
8:55              316            31
8:56                26            60
8:57                89            34
8:58              100            17
Station  August 6, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
5:20 a.m.      321°           21°
5:21              336            38
5:22                39            62
5:23              104            38
5:24              117            20

HST  August 6, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
8:57 p.m.      218°           20°
8:58              200            27
8:59              174            29
9:00              148            26
9:01              140            20

Station  August 6, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
9:57 p.m.      234°           21°
9:58              240            41
9:59              313            77
10:00              37            41
10:01              42            21

HST  August 7, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
8:53 p.m.      223°           21°
8:54              205            28
8:55              178            31
8:56              150            28
8:57              131            21

Station  August 7, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
9:02 p.m.      199°           19°
9:03              181            32
9:04              133            43
9:05                87            32
9:06                69            19
Station  August 8, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
8:49 p.m.      227°           21°
8:50              208            28
8:51              180            32
8:52              153            28
8:53              134            21

Station  August 9, 2012
Time          Position   Elevation
8:49 p.m.      238°           21°*
8:50              247            40
8:51              317            70
8:52                31            40
8:53                40            21
*Passes within 4° of Saturn, Mars and Spica.      Pass times are from Heavens Above

           Key: Position is measured in degrees clockwise from north. That is, 0° is due north, 90° is due east, 180° is due south, and 270° is due west.  Your fist held at arm's length is about ten degrees wide. "Elevation" is elevation above the horizon in degrees. Thus, to find the Hubble Space Telescope at 9:01 p.m. on August 6, measure four fist-widths east of due south, then two above the horizon.
           All times are rounded off to the nearest minute except for times when the satellite enters or leaves the shadow of the Earth. The highest elevation shown for each viewing opportunity is the actual maximum elevation for that appearance.
           J-Pass provides a service called J-Pass Generator, which will e‑mail you sighting information for the next three days for up to ten satellites. For more information, go to science.nasa.gov/Realtime/JPass/PassGenerator/.

Programming Notice: NASA TV on the Web

           Watch NASA TV (Public, Media and Education Channels) on your computer using Flash, Windows or QuickTime at http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html.
           NASA TV Schedules are available at http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/schedule.html
           July 13, 1:00 p.m.: Video File of ISS Expedition 32/33 Pre-Launch News Conference
           July 14, 8:30 p.m. Launch Coverage of launch of ISS Expedition 32/33 from Baikonur. Launch is scheduled for 9:40 p.m. (rerun at 11:30 p.m.)
           July 16, noon: NASA Science News Conference including briefing on Mars Science Laboratory at -30 days.
           July 16, 11:15 p.m. ISS Expedition 32/33 docking coverage. Docking is at 11:52 p.m.
           July 26, noon. ISS Program and Science Overview
           August 14, 12:30 p.m.: ISS Spacewalk video
           August 16, time to be determined: ISS Russian Spacewalk Coverage

Space-Related Articles

           “How Humans Will Travel to Alpha Centauri,” by Bill Andrews, Astronomy, July 2012, pp. 22-27.  Really you need at least a fission or probably a fusion drive to get there in decades. Much of the technology we already have (though not fusion), the sociological knowledge we don’t and the estimated cost is $3.45 trillion.
           One eye-opening calculation, ‘“To fly to Alpha Centauri in a shuttle in 100 years would require fuel tanks 55 times larger than the mass of the observable universe,” says Andreas Tziolas. . .’

           The June 22 issue of Science has several articles on Mars while the August 2012 issue of Astronomy is largely dedicated to articles of Mars, both in anticipation of the landing of the Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) on August 6.

Calendar of Events
           Summer of 2012: Drop tests begin of the prototypes of Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser spaceplane, which will eventually be able to take passengers to the Space Station and other orbiting spacecraft.  For more information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dream_Chaser.
           July or August: Ariane from French Guiana will launch Azerbaijan’s first satellite, Azerspace. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azerspace
           July 14:  Oklahoma Space Alliance meeting at 2:30 p.m. at Denny’s on the I-240 access road on the north side just east of Pennsylvania Avenue in southern Oklahoma City. The street address is 1617 SW 74th Street and the phone number is 685-5414
           July 14-15: Launch of three Expedition 32/33 members via Soyuz from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the Space Station.
           July 21: Launch of the H-II Transfer vehicle “Kounotori3” to the Space Station.
           August 3 – 5: 15th Annual Mars Society Convention in Pasadena, California. For more information, visit www.marssociety.org. (This conference will stick around into the early hours of April 6 to watch the landing of Curiosity.)
           August 6: The Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) rover lands in Gale Crater on Mars. See marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/ or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curiosity_rover for details.
           August 11: Oklahoma Space Alliance meeting at 2:30 p.m. at Denny’s on the I-240 access road on the north side just east of Pennsylvania Avenue in southern Oklahoma City.
           August 11-12: The Perseid Meteor Shower peaks after midnight.
           August 15: Venus is at greatest western elongation, 46° from the Sun (hence can be seen before sunrise).
           August 16: Mercury is at greatest western elongation, 19° from the Sun (hence can be seen before sunrise).
           August 23: Neptune is in opposition.
           August 26: The Dawn spacecraft leaves Vesta for Ceres.
           September 8: [Tentative] Oklahoma Space Alliance meeting at approximately 2:30 p.m. Exact time and location to be announced.
           September 28: Uranus is in opposition.
           Fall of 2012: First launch of XCOR’s Lynx suborbital spaceplane.
           October: Next Space-X launch to the Space Station.
           October 4 – 10: World Space Week. See www.worldspaceweek.org/ for details.
           October 15: Launch of three Expedition 33/34 members via Soyuz from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the Space Station.        
           October 25: Saturn is in conjunction with the Sun.
           October 26: Mercury is at greatest eastern elongation, 24° from the Sun (hence can be seen after sunset).
           November 14: Total eclipse of the Sun beginning in northern Australia and following a path across the South Pacific, stopping short of South America. The biggest city in the path is Cairns, Queensland, Australia, population 150,000.
           November 27: Saturn is 0.8° above Venus.
           December: 1 Launch of IRIS, the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, which will trace the flow of energy and matter into the Sun’s corona and photosphere. See http://iris.gsfc.nasa.gov/ for details.
           December 2: Jupiter is in opposition.
           December 5: Launch of three Expedition 34/35 members via Soyuz from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the Space Station.
           December 9: The asteroid Vesta is in opposition at magnitude 6.3.
           December 30: Pluto is in conjunction with the Sun.
           Sometime in 2013: The student-built nanosatellite, Aalto-1, will become Finland’s first satellite.
           Sometime in 2013: Launch of Gaia (Global Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysics), the European Space Agency successor to Hipparcos. Gaia will provide data on one billion stars in the Milky Way, including distances, proper and radial motion, and spectroscopic info burying astronomers in data. Gaia will also observe asteroids closer than the Earth to the Sun. For more information, visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaia_(spacecraft) or http://www.esa.int/export/esaSC/120377_index_0_m.html.
           Sometime in 2013: China launches the Tiangong-2 space station.
           February 15, 2013: Asteroid 2012 DA14 will pass within 21,000 miles of Earth.
           April 17, 2013: Mars is in conjunction with the Sun.
           November 18 – December 7, 2013: Launch window for the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN orbiter (MAVEN). The project web site is http://lasp.colorado.edu/home/maven/.
           Sometime in 2014: First test flight of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle.
           Sometime in 2014: India launches Chandrayaan II. This mission will include a lunar rover. For more information, visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandrayaan-2.
           Sometime in 2014: Russia launches the “Luna-Glob” mission, which will deploy 13 mini-probes upon the lunar surface. For more information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luna-Glob. [Moved from 2012.]
           February 14, 2014: Launch of Japan’s Astro-H X-ray astronomy spacecraft. For details, visit http://astro-h.isas.jaxa.jp/index.html.en.
           April 14-15, 2014. Total eclipse of the Moon visible from North America.
           July 2014: Launch of GEMS (Gravity and Extreme Magnetism SMEX). This will study the distortion of space around spinning black holes (via the polarization of X-rays) and the extreme magnetic fields around neutron stars. [This is not to be confused with the proposed Mars mission formerly called GEMS, but now called InSight.]
           July 2014: Proposed launch date of Hayabusa 2 to asteroid 1999 JU3.
           July-August 2014: The European Space Agency/JAXA BepiColombo Mercury Orbiter is launched. Home page is sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=30.
           August 2014 - December 2015: The European Space Agency’s Rosetta space probe orbits comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko. In November 2014, it will release the Philae lander. Web page is www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Rosetta or visit en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_%28spacecraft%29
           Sometime in 2015: China launches the Tiangong-3 space station. This will eventually become the core of a large Chinese space station in the 2020s.
           February 2015: Dawn space probe arrives at Ceres. Operations are scheduled to continue through July. Dawn may continue on to other asteroids if it is still operational.
           July 14, 2015: The New Horizons probe passes through the Pluto-Charon system. The New Horizons web site is pluto.jhuapl.edu/.
           Sometime in 2016: ESA launches the ExoMars Mars Orbiter. This mission will include a static lander, but the rover will be launched in 2018. For more information, visit en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exomars.
           March 2016: Proposed launch date for InSight, a lander that will probe the interior of Mars. For information, see http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/.
           July 2016-2020:  The New Horizons probe visits the Kuiper Belt.
           August 21, 2017: The next total solar eclipse visible in the United States, on a pretty straight path from Portland, Oregon to Charleston, South Carolina.  St. Louis is the biggest city in-between.
           Sometime in 2018: ESA launches the ExoMars Mars Rover. For more information, visit en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exomars.
           Sometime in 2018: Earliest date for the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope.
           Summer of 2020 (approximate) BepiColombo arrives at Mercury orbit.
           April 8, 2024: A total solar eclipse crosses the US from the middle of the Mexico-Texas border, crosses Arkansas, southern Missouri, Louisville, Cleveland, Buffalo and northern New England.
           August 12, 2045: The next total solar eclipse visible in Oklahoma.  This one is also visible in Salt Lake City, Denver, Little Rock (again), Tampa Bay and New Orleans.

Oklahoma Space Alliance Officers, 2012 (Area Code 405)

Steve Swift, President                                                   496-3616 (H)
Vice-President is vacant                                                    
Syd Henderson, Secretary & Outreach Editor              321-4027 (H) 365-8983 (C)
Tim Scott, Treasurer                                                     740-7549 (H)
Claire McMurray, Correspondence Secretary               329-4326 (H) 863-6173 (C)
Tom Koszoru, Update Editor                                        366-1767

OSA E-mail Addresses and Web Site:

(Replace "at" with @ symbol.)

sswift42 at aol.com (Steve Swift)
jtvt at inbox.com (Jim Trombly)
sydh at ou.edu (Syd Henderson)
ctscott at mac.com (Tim Scott)
cliffclaire at hotmail.com (Claire McMurray)
T_Koszoru at cox.net (Heidi and Tom Koszoru)
john.d.northcutt1 at tds.net (John Northcutt)
lensman13 at aol.com  (Steve Galpin)
      E-mail for OSA should be sent to sydh@ou.edu.  Members who wish their e-mail addresses printed in Outreach, and people wishing space-related materials e-mailed to them should contact Syd.  Oklahoma Space Alliance website is chapters.nss.org/ok/osanss.html. Webmaster is Syd Henderson.

Other Information
            Oklahoma Space Industrial Development Authority (OSIDA), 401 Sooner Drive/PO Box 689, Burns Flat, OK 73624, 580-562-3500.  Web site www.state.ok.us/~okspaceport.
            Science Museum Oklahoma (former Omniplex) website is www.sciencemuseumok.org. Main number is 602-6664.
            Tulsa Air and Space Museum, 7130 E. Apache, Tulsa, OK  74115.
Web Site is www.tulsaairandspacemuseum.com.  Phone (918) 834-9900.
            The Mars Society address is Mars Society, Box 273, Indian Hills CO 80454. Their web address is www.marsociety.org.
            The National Space Society's Headquarters phone is 202-429-1600. Executive Director is Gary Barnhard nsshq@nss.org. The Chapters Coordinator is Bennett Rutledge 720-529-8024. The address is: National Space Society, 1155 15th Street NW, Suite 500, Washington DC 20005 Web page is www.nss.org
            The Planetary Society phone 626-793-5100. The address is 65 North Catalina, Avenue, Pasadena, California, 91106-2301 and the website is www.planetary.org. E-mail is tps@planetary.org.
            NASA Spacelink BBS 205-895-0028.  Or try www.nasa.gov.  .
            Congressional Switchboard 202/224-3121.
             Write to any U. S. Senator or Representative at [name]/ Washington DC, 20510 (Senate) or 20515 [House].

 A Chapter of the National Space Society


Please enroll me as a member of Oklahoma Space Alliance.  Enclosed is:
                                       $10.00 for Membership.  (This allows full voting privileges, but covers only your own newsletter expense.)

___________________ $15.00 for family membership

                                        TOTAL amount enclosed

          National Space Society has a special $30 introductory rate for new members ($35 for new international members).  Regular membership rates are $55, international $65.  Student memberships are $25.  Part of the cost is for the magazine, Ad Astra.  Mail to: National Space Society, 1155 15th Street NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC  20005, or join at www.nss.org/membership. (Brochures are at the bottom with the special rate.) Be sure to ask them to credit your membership to Oklahoma Space Alliance.
          To join the Mars Society, visit www.marsociety.org. One-year memberships are $50.00; student and senior memberships are $25, and Family memberships are $100.00.    Their address is Mars Society, Box 273, Indian Hills CO 80454.

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OSA Memberships are for 1 year, and include a subscription to our monthly newsletters, Outreach and Update.  Send check & form to Oklahoma Space Alliance, 102 W. Linn, #1, Norman, OK 73071.


Contact person for Oklahoma Space Alliance is Claire McMurray
PO Box 1003
Norman, OK 73070
Webmaster is Syd Henderson.
Copyright ©2012 Oklahoma Space Alliance.